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Shadows of JavaScript

Months ago, Robbie had found this scoping problem in Python, which I reduced to essentials.

I've started finally learning JavaScript, and it has nicer lambdas than Python, and proper hiding of nested functions unlike Perl. But it has the same scope problem:

g1 = 12;
function func() {
  document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = g1;

  var g1 = 5;

}
func();


(I'm not including the HTML framework because DW/LJ would yell at me if I did.)

Output is 'undefined', rather than 12. As in Python, the local variable further down shadows the outer scope variable (doesn't matter if the "g1=12" has a 'var' before it) even for lines before the local variable.

As mentioned before, Perl has proper lexical scoping here (though not for nested functions.) I don't think I can even create similar code in Scheme/Lisp, where the scoping is explicit with parentheses. (There's 'define' but I think that makes a new global, and it didn't work.) In Ocaml I have

let g1="10";;

let func () =
  print_endline g1;
  let g1="cat" in
    g1
  ;;

func();;


Which I suspect is as explicit as Lisp parentheses, in its own way; the print line is obviously outside the following "let ... in...".

See the comment count unavailable DW comments at http://mindstalk.dreamwidth.org/465845.html#comments

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Damien Sullivan
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